During Howe’s tenure from June 1970 to the present at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST; formerly National Bureau of Standards), he served as a physicist and mathematician in the Time and Frequency Division, specifically in four groups, the Atomic Time Standards, Dissemination Research and Services, Frequency Standards Research, and Time and Frequency Metrology groups. The Time and Frequency Division provides the basic standards for the U.S. in the areas of frequency, time, time interval, and length. These standards are coordinated both nationally and internationally to insure compatibility of measurements. The Division maintains primary cesium beam frequency standards; undertakes research and development on new and improved standards and measurement methods; extends related, accurate measurements to other derived standards throughout the electromagnetic spectrum; actively compares the NIST standards with others, both nationally and internationally; and provides access to the standards via various dissemination services. In his role as Group leader for the past sixteen years, his comprehensive metrology skills and knowledge have enabled him to work with outside agencies in applied projects related to problems of national interest and to highest-precision timing applications for industry and other government agencies. His leadership responsibilities include oversight of the primary NIST metrology seminar, the development of document standards, agency consultation and metrology and calibration services in both theoretical and applied areas of metrology research and practice. Throughout his career at NIST he has received numerous invitations to speak at conferences and symposia leading to nomination and receipt of the 2017 – 2018 Distinguished Lecturer for the IEEE Society.
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